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Cameras have a multitude of camera shooting modes and settings which can be confusing at first. Once you know what they mean they are very easy to use and this guide shows you how.
Introduction to Photography Series
  1. Beginners Introduction to Photography
  2. How to Understand Focal Length and Lenses
  3. Get to Know your Camera and Get off Auto
  4. A Guide to Camera Shooting Modes
  5. Understanding Shutter Speeds
  6. Aperture, Depth of Field and The Relationship Between Them
  7. Exposure Triangle: Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO
  8. 10 Top Photography Composition Rules You Need To Know
  9. White Balance Explained
  10. Flash Photography
  11. Why You Need A Tripod for Photography
  12. A Beginners Guide to Start Shooting in RAW
  13. Understanding Histograms

The camera shooting modes pretty much the same across all camera types and makes and are generally accessed using the mode wheel. Some of the common modes are explained below.

Choosing an exposure mode gives you the freedom to start concentrating on taking great shots. Your camera will offer a number of automatic settings, including modes that help you shoot action, closeup and portraits, but these modes can be restricting and should generally be ignored. Get to grips with your cameras semi-automatic and manual settings and you'll soon see an improvement in the results.

Camera Settings Dial

Camera Settings Dial

A-DEP

Canons A-DEP mode is an automatic depth of field calculation. To use the function simply pick a point in the foreground, then pick a point in the background, then refocus one more time and take the picture. The camera will work out exactly what aperture setting you need to use to get everything in between those two points in focus.

M

(Manual) - In this mode you have complete control over all settings. You must work out the balance between shutter speed, aperture and ISO.

Av

(Aperture Priority) - In this setting you control the aperture and the camera will work out the shutter speed and ISO to get the correct exposure. This is useful for controlling depth of field and not worry about shutter speed.

Tv

(Shutter Priority) - In this mode you control the shutter speed and the camera will calculate the aperture and ISO to get the correct exposure. This mode is useful for controlling the shutter speed for example capturing motion or freezing motion.

[A]

(Auto) - In Automatic mode the camera will make a best guess at what you are photographing and adjusts the settings accordingly. You have no control over the settings. Your DSLR is effectivly a point and shoot camera, with all the settings taken care of.

P

(Program Shift) - Similar to automatic mode, but allows you to change some of the parameters. As you adjust shutter speed the camera adjusts the others, and vice versa. Automatic mode does not allow this.

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(Portrait) - The camera increases aperture to blur out the background and balances ISO and shutter speed to give a effective portrait image.

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(Landscape) - In landscape mode the camera will select a narrow aperture to maximise depth of field increasing sharpness of the landscape around.

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(Macro) - Similar to portrait mode, macro mode opens up the aperture and allows close focusing. By controlling the shutter speed and ISO, the camera will try and calculate the best exposure.

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(Action) - In action mode the camera will try and work out what settings give the fastest possible shutter speed to capture action shots.

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(Night) - Night shot mode the camera will increase the ISO and open the aperture as wide as possible and decrease the shutter speed to try and capture night or low light portraits without the use of flash.

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(No Flash) - No flash mode functions like automatic mode, except that at no point will it attempt to use flash. This is particularly useful in situations where flash is not permitted such as museums or galleries.

So there is a quick round up of the common camera shooting modes found on most digital cameras and digital SLR cameras. In the next few tutorials we will have a look at some of these modes in more detail.

 

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